Hörmeister hearing acoustics

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Therapy options for tinnitus

Treatment options for tinnitus

There are several established therapies for patients with severe, chronic tinnitus to minimize the effects and burden of tinnitus.  

The main goal of all currently available treatment options for tinnitus is to reduce the perceived burden of tinnitus so that the patient can live a more comfortable, carefree and satisfying life.  

There is currently no scientifically proven cure for most cases of chronic tinnitus - especially for the vast majority of cases caused by sensorineural hearing loss. The search for a definitive cure is not yet complete and real progress is being made. However, there is currently no clinically proven way to completely eliminate the perception of tinnitus.  

However, there are excellent therapeutic methods to help patients manage their condition. Treatments that reduce the perceived intensity and burden of tinnitus These currently available treatments are not "cures" - they do not repair the underlying causes of tinnitus nor do they eliminate the tinnitus signal in the brain. Instead, they address the attentional, emotional and cognitive effects of tinnitus. They help patients to live a better, more fulfilling and productive life, even if the perception of tinnitus persists.  

Patients should do everything necessary to reduce the burden of tinnitus.  Appropriate treatment strategies should be implemented with a medical specialist, adapted to the needs of the patient. Likewise, the most effective tinnitus experts will address the aspects that so often burden the disease: anxiety, stress, social isolation, sensitivity to sound, hearing problems and perceived loudness.  

Each patient must be treated individually, because every tinnitus is different. Below is a list of currently available treatment options, divided into general categories.

General well-being - Sports

The perceived intensity of tinnitus may vary depending on many factors, including the patient's general well-being. There are simple (and often free!) exercise classes that can help patients reduce some of the burden.

Hearing aids

Tinnitus is predominantly associated with a certain degree of hearing loss. An improvement in hearing and perception of external sounds can often alleviate the internal sounds of tinnitus.

Hearing therapies

Tinnitus is an inaudible sound. However, patients can use real external noise to counteract their perception and response to tinnitus. Sound masking can cover the disturbing sounds, while more advanced hearing therapies can provide greater relief.

Behavioural Therapies

Tinnitus can cause strong, negative emotions such as anxiety, depression and anger. Patients can learn to control their emotional reactions and thereby separate tinnitus from painful negative behavioural reactions.

Drug Therapies

There are currently no approved drugs specifically for tinnitus. However, there are pharmacological options to combat stress, anxiety and depression caused (and sometimes exacerbated) by tinnitus. 

TMJ treatments

In some cases, tinnitus is caused by physiological functions or disorders in the body. In these rarer situations, treatment of the underlying physical cause can eliminate or drastically reduce the tinnitus symptoms.

Experimental therapy methods

Researchers around the world are looking for new ways to relieve tinnitus patients from their suffering. Various stimulations are being researched, e.g. magnetic therapy or brain implantations. 

Patients suffering from tinnitus should first exhaust existing treatment options.